• Pieces of Light: How the New Science of Memory Illuminates

    Charles Fernyhough

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    W. (1998) Perceiving talking faces: from speech perception to a behavioral principle, Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. For the example given, the test word “square” was recognised faster when the preceding test word was from the same proposition (e.g., “mausoleum”) than when it was closer in the sentence but from a different proposition (e.g., “czar”). It has been claimed that the optic flow pattern and/or the focus of expansion provide the information needed to account for accurate heading behaviour.
  • Meaning-making, Internalized Racism, and African American

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    More research is needed to prove (or disprove) its existence. ACM, Raleigh, USA; 2012:441–450. 10.1145/2145204.2145274 View Article Google Scholar Mustafaraj E, Metaxas PT: From obscurity to prominence in minutes: Political speech and real-time search. Suppose you are trying to work out the probability that a given professional golfer will score under 70 in his next round on a given course. Evans (1989, 1995; Wason & Evans, 1975) has been most active in exploring this approach in a reasoning context.
  • Cognitive Psychology: Classic Edition (Psychology Press &

    Ulric Neisser

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    We are currently updating entry requirements specific to your country. This course will cover historical and contemporary scientific approaches to understanding prejudice, specifically prejudice that exists between social groups (for example, ethnic prejudice, religious prejudice, etc.) across different cultures. Are there separate explicit and implicit memory systems? Limitations A recurring criticism of experimental cognitive psychology is that it lacks ecological validity, i.e., the findings cannot readily be generalised to the “real” world (see Chapter 8).
  • The Color Bind: California's Battle to End Affirmative

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    Information processing model, another key milestone is an approach for studying the human mind (Willingham, 2007). If you stare at a square of a given colour for several seconds, and then shift your gaze to a white surface, you will see a negative afterimage in the complementary colour. In order to decide whether participants generated these instrumental inferences during reading, Dosher and Corbett made use of a somewhat unusual procedure. SOME EVIDENCE The first half of this chapter has dealt with propositional representations and the ways they have been used to represent relations and events.
  • Consciousness: The Brain, States of Awareness, & Alternate

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    First, Lockhart and Craik (1990) accepted the notion of transfer-appropriate processing proposed by Morris et al. (1977), but argued that it is possible to reconcile transfer-appropriate processing with the levels-of-processing approach. However, several other researchers have argued and shown that the notion of “insight” is a key part of problem-solving theory (see Dominowski, 1981; Ellen, 1982; Lung & Dominowski, 1985; Metcalfe, 1986a; Ohlsson, 1992; Simon, 1986).
  • Wings of Illusion: The Origin, Nature, and Future of

    John F. Schumaker

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    II German Christians who rescued Jews) and 42 of the people they rescued. Part 1: increase tension by raising a dangerous topic. The mental processing of information not currently in consciousness working memory and not available from long term memory by customary recall. Deep dysgraphics resemble phonological dysgraphics, but make semantic errors in spelling. The mechanism underlying this temporal recalibration is currently debated. Third, it is assumed that the processes proceed from the general (the intended meaning) to the specific (the units of sound to be uttered).
  • Productive Thinking

    Max Wertheimer

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    If you were unwise enough to stand between the rails of a railway track and look along it, the details would become less clear as you looked into the distance. The notion that the probability of recall is determined by the probability of retrieval multiplied by the probability of recognition was tested by Bahrick (1970) using cued recall (words were presented as cues for to-be-remembered list words). Also show as well as you can the position of the plane at the moment that the ball hits the ground.
  • Lifetime Nutritional Influences on Cognition, Behaviour and

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    Thus, teachers in this school of thought promote inter-nalization of higher cognitive processes not merely by lecturing, but by encouraging problem solving through external dialogue among peers of mixed levels of accomplishment in small groups. More job opportunities are available for individuals that obtain a master’s degree in psychology. According to this doctrine, the experience of visual organisation is mirrored by a precisely corresponding process in the brain.
  • Elements of Human Performance: Reaction Processes and

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    Bruce Goldstein's cognitive psychology connects the study of cognition to your everyday life. But this ability is […] What can you do with a psychology degree? Reading span correlated +.45 with verbal IQ, but only +.12 with spatial IQ. Piaget conceived of intellectual development as a series of fixed and sequential stages that all children pass through. The primary goal is for the student to develop the intellectual and technical skills that are necessary to conduct independent research while at Iowa State and in future positions.
  • Hearing and Speech: A Special Issue of the Quarterly Journal

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    Piaget's research methods were based primarily on case studies (i.e., they were descriptive). These rules are constraints on the categories of items and on the combinations of categories that are acceptable. Successful graduate students will also typically seek to publish the outcomes of their research. However, there is more than that to cognitive neuroscience. Her research centers on the development of reasoning and decision-making skills from the preschool period through adulthood and on the styles with which adolescents and adults plan for the future, make important life commitments, and learn new information.
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