• Memory in Dispute

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    All advanced elective courses have prerequisites in addition to Introduction to Psychology (PSYCH-UA 1). The available evidence suggests that the difficulties of prosopagnosic patients occur because of damage to specific face-processing mechanisms rather than a general inability to make precise discriminations. The task was to sort the stimuli into two piles as fast as possible depending on whether the left-hand bracket was “(” or “)”.
  • Thinking and Deciding

    Jonathan Baron

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    Some of the issues discussed in this section are related to theory and research on working memory (see Chapter 6). Rips (1989) has shown a dissociation between similarity judgements and categorisation in a study where one group of subjects were asked whether an object five inches in diameter was more likely to be a coin or a pizza, and a second group were given the same information and asked to judge the similarity of the object to either the coin or the pizza.
  • Psychology of Programming (Computers and People Series)

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    Some prosopagnosic patients do not seem to possess implicit knowledge about faces. However, Willam James's theory of the emotions says the reverse: that we first experience physical feelings in our bodies that we afterward interpret as emotions. The environment plays a critical role in the learning process, in that it establishes the configuration of simple objects that aid the learning of chunks and also drives the formation of production rules. Children acquire object permanence at about 7 months of age (memory).
  • America's Secret Power: The CIA in a Democratic Society

    Loch K. Johnson

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    To gain the specialized expertise, broadly related knowledge, commitment to scientific inquiry, and communicative abilities that are the goals of the program, students are expected to: Expeditiously and effectively complete the course requirements. There were several key milestones in the development of cognitive psychology. In particular, the idea of the open system gave the age-old metaphor of societies-as-organisms scientific legitimacy and a new lease-on-life.
  • Gaslighthing, the Double Whammy, Interrogation and Other

    Theodore L. Dorpat

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    One view is that chess masters are masters because they have much specific knowledge about the game. Interference theory can be traced back to Hugo Munsterberg in the 19th century. Building on research covered in earlier modules such as cognitive and developmental psychology, we will consider areas such as the precursors of offending, offender profiling, violence and murder, stalking, terrorism, mental disorder and psychopathy, sex offending, and the rehabilitation of offenders.
  • Cognitive Science: An Introduction to the Study of Mind

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    His research focuses on semantic memory, working memory, and reasoning. A third method for studying reading involves a greater diversity of techniques than those considered so far. However, Bruner et al.'s work was carried out in a domain of fairly artificial categories. The notion of modularity was emphasised by Fodor (1983), who identified the following distinguishing features of modules: • Informational encapsulation: each module functions independently from the functioning of other modules. • Domain specificity: each module can process only one kind of input (e.g., words; faces). • Mandatory or compulsory operation: the functioning of a module is not under any form of voluntary control. • Innateness: modules are inborn.
  • Encyclopedia of Cognitive Behavior Therapy

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    However, there was very little effect of display size when the target was defined by a single feature (i.e., a blue letter or an S). Memory: The study of the capacity and fragility of human memory is one of the most developed aspects of cognitive psychology. The mind is a Swiss Army knife containing evolved, functionally specialized computational devices like, for example, "face recognition systems, a language acquisition device, mindreading systems, navigation specializations, animate motion recognition, cheater detection mechanisms, and mechanisms that govern sexual attraction" (Cosmides and Tooby 2003, 63).
  • A Treatise on Human Nature

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    The region of the brain attached to the brain stem; controls motor coordination, posture, balance, and the ability to learn to control body movements. He placed his emphasis on studies under natural conditions. The details of the Collins and Quillian model are shown in Panel 10.2 (see also Figure 10.2). JL had an intact ability to distinguish between words and non-words, indicating that there were no problems with access to the input lexicon.
  • Depression: A Cognitive Approach (A Speechmark Practical

    Geoff Tomlinson

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    Accomodation is the process of changing cognitive structures in order to accept something from the environment. Theoretical considerations A key theoretical question is whether learning is possible with little or no conscious awareness of what has been learned. In a sample of young adults, Gibb, Abramson, and Alloy (2004) showed that peer victimization was associated with negative inferential style above and beyond parental maltreatment, and this association was largely due to victimization within romantic relationships.
  • Evolutionary Psychology: A Critical Introduction

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    Please check back or contact royalhollowayinternational rhul.ac.uk / Tel: +44 (0)1784 276629 for further information. They also understand seven types of conservation: the conservation of number, liquid, length, mass, weight, area, and volume. Imparisyllabic unpleasurable Brody pluralise declinature devitalizes disbar barefooted! At the lowest level, the subordinate level, there are specific types of objects (e.g., my favourite armchair, a kitchen chair).